Grapes Print

 

FIANO

The grape Fiano di Avellino has Latin origins and illustrious descendant of Vitis Apiana, the prized vine whose fruit generated a wine assured elegance and sophistication to the banquets of the Roman patricians. 

The Vitis Apiana, namely the “Lives of Bees”, so called for the sweetness of its small grapes and sugar, so welcome to the bees, has been identified as a result of the Fiana di Lapio, one of twenty-six villages in the province of Avellino, where, for the excellent ripening conditions, Fiano grapes have earned the prestigious title of DOCG wine. 

 

GRECO

The oldest of the native grapes of Campania, the Greco di Tufo, was already known to the most famous Latin writers including Varrone, Virgilio and Columella that quoted in his treatise on agriculture, “De re rustica”. 

The vine was known as Aminea Gemina Minor, from the shape of its cluster bifid.  From this ancient birthplace of the magnificent white grape of the same name, the most famous wine in the world among the wines of Campania, along with Taurasi DOCG.

Ripe in October, protected from frost and expresses its best features in a restricted area of Irpinia, located where the climatic conditions are ideal. 

The bunch is medium small, spherical, yellow background sprinkled with small dots tending to pink.

 

FALANGHINA

The Falanghina grape is of uncertain origin.  Some scholars rank among the finest varieties of antiquity, others go back to the most modern crops of the first half of 800, placing it in some provinces of the Campania region, in particular the areas of Naples and Caserta.  

Whatever the time of its appearance, this vine has met in Irpinia and Sannio special micro-climatic conditions and regional best practices that allow the maximum expression.  Its grapes, from the bunch with elongated and medium sized generate a dry white wine of great interest and a strong personality.

 

AGLIANICO

Ancient vine and precious heir of “Vitis hellenica” praised by the Roman writer Lucio Giunio Columella (first centure AD) in the text of agronomy, “De re rustica”, the interesting treatise on how to practice agriculture in the Italy of the Roman Empire in the first centure. 

Campania, especially  in its territorial areas Irpinia and Sannio, has managed not only to recover the precious vine, called from the end of the sixteenth century “Aglianico” but also to enhance the already excellent features and to refine it over time. 

Today,  the vine  is raised in guyot (i.e. runner) to sixth dense, with an average yield of 80 quintals per hectare.  The harvest always starts in the second half of October and ends by November 10.

From the fruits of Aglianico, black berry, you get one of the most famous wines of Italy, the pride and a source of pride abroad: “Taurasi”.

 

PIEDIROSSO

Among the varieties classified by Pliny the Elder in Campania, include the Purple Columbine, the current Piedirosso, in the Neapolitan province called “Pere’e Palumbo”. 

However, its area Naples is elective, it is a variety widely cultivated in the provinces of Salerno and Avellino, where it forges a characterization of great interest both to be used as a blending wine with the Aglianico in the production of red worthy of aging.

The grape Piedirosso shows a cluster measuring more or less large berries, sometimes spherical in shape sometimes oval and purplish black.